Inrad Optics worked with Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University to provide Scintinel™ stilbene crystals of various orientations mounted in housed assemblies for an anisotropy study on the performance of stilbene.

The scintillation light output response of stilbene crystals has been measured for protons recoiling along the a, b, and c’ crystalline axes with energies between 1.3 and 10 MeV using neutrons produced with the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory.

The proton recoil energy and direction were measured using the coincident detection of neutrons between a stilbene scintillator and an array of EJ-309 liquid scintillators spanning arranged neutron recoil angles. The maximum light output was found to coincide with proton recoils along the a-axis, in disagreement with other published measurements, which reported the b-axis as the direction of the maximum light output.

Additional measurements were conducted using two different stilbene crystals to confirm these results: a second measurement using the coincident detection of neutrons; measurements of neutron full energy deposition events along the a and b axes; and measurements of the count rate for 252Cf neutrons traveling along the a and b axes directions. All measurements found that recoils along the a-axis produce the maximum light output.

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